Optometry and modern aspects of correction of refractive disorders of the eye

Optometry and modern aspects of correction of refractive disorders of the eye

Surgical treatment of diseases of the retina and vitreous body increases every year, which is associated with an increase in life expectancy. In the ophthalmology of Uzbekistan, until recently, there are no simulation centers and the only means of practical training for an ophthalmologist are the participation of a doctor directly in the medical and diagnostic process, which is not entirely correct both from a moral and ethical point of view, and financial. The patient’s eye should not be the object of developing complex microsurgical skills, and mastering the technical skills of eye microsurgery in the conditions of the gym of training and simulation centers is a necessity in ophthalmology today. The innovative VHI clinic, for the first time in Central Asia, acquired the Eyesi virtual simulation system – VRT (VRmagic, Germany), which is a world-class medical training system in the field of eye surgery training.

Vitreoretinal surgery is the most difficult area of ​​modern ophthalmic surgery. The prevalence of such a serious complication as retinal detachment today is, on average, 15 cases per 100,000 population, which makes it a significant socio-economic problem, since 84% of patients are people of the most working age. Despite a large number of patients and an acute shortage of qualified personnel, in vitreoretinal surgery in our republic, the number of specialists capable of professionally performing such microsurgical manipulations is extremely small. The main reason for this is the difficult learning process, which has not yet been established in domestic ophthalmology. In this connection, the search for ways and means of teaching the skills of vitreoretinal surgery in the training and simulation Center is not only relevant but also necessary.

Scope of the program: 72 credits.

Form of study: completely or partially separated from work

The order of the classes

The course of study is 12 days, 6 hours of classes daily.

EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES

Training at the Center will allow ophthalmologists who have not previously been involved in eye microsurgery to master the basic skills necessary to start practicing on patients. Repeated exercises using virtual simulation will develop fine motor skills for vitreoretinal operations. Classes in the consultative clinic will teach cadets modern methods of visualization of the retina and optic nerve. Novice ophthalmic surgeons who have mastered the basics of microsurgical techniques in virtual reality will not experience undue pressure and stress during their first real interventions. Qualified, more advanced surgeries will be able to master more complex manipulations in complicated cases, including those arising from an initially incorrect diagnosis. The use of virtual simulation will make it possible to objectively evaluate the surgeon’s actions, analyze in detail the level of surgical skill and conduct appropriate tests, certifications, and exams dedicated to vitreoretinal surgery.

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