Today, flat foot is one of the most common deformities of the musculoskeletal system. What is flat foot? Flattening of the arch of the foot is called flat foot. A human foot (mainly in childhood) is deformed, its arch descends, as a result of which the foot touches the floor with its entire area. In babies under the age of one year, the development of a flat foot is often promoted by excess adipose tissue in the vault.
Flat foot in older children, at the age of 5-7 years, develops with an increase in the load on the legs when the arch of the feet is not yet fully formed. Children’s flat foot in the future leads to problems with the joints of the legs and spine. The condition of the foot is a reflection of the general condition of the whole organism. The foot is a mobile device in which the functions of various departments are closely intertwined, generally contributing to the performance of the normal act of standing and movement. Flat foot can also cause the formation of disorders from the ODA (musculoskeletal system): pain in the feet and legs, deformation of the joints of the lower extremities, and the spine.
In the future, if you do not take measures and do not start the necessary treatment, then flat foot continues to develop due to a lack of movement and weakness of the leg muscles! That is why flat foot develops primarily in people who are weakened and in children who are often ill, who, in turn, are deprived of a full-fledged motor load.
Methods of treatment and correction of flat foot, probably, have long been known to everyone. These are special exercises for exercise therapy, orthopedic shoes, insoles, massage, and stimulation of the lower leg muscles. However, the problem of effective correction of this disease remains very urgent. This is due, on the one hand, to the increase in this problem in children and adolescents, and on the other hand, to the lack of the necessary level of motivation when using traditional methods of physiotherapy exercises.
The biofeedback method (BFB) based on electromyogram (EMG), which has become widespread in medical rehabilitation in recent years, has opened up new opportunities and significantly increased the efficiency of correcting ODA disorders, due to the provision of constant monitoring of the functional state of muscles using emotionally significant feedback signals ( light, sound, game).
In the DMC clinic, complex treatment is used for the treatment of flat foot, as well as various methods of orthopedic correction, therapeutic exercises, and massage.
The novelty and effectiveness of the electromyographic biocontrol method is confirmed by the Patent for the invention “Method for treating flat foot” No. 2152769 dated July 20, 2000 (authors – O. Kuzmicheva, A. Smetankin). This method is indicated for the functional correction of flat foot and foot deformities of any origin in children over 6 years old, adolescents, and adults.
The goals of flatfoot correction using the biofeedback technique:
- to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and keep its arches from further flattening;
- to protect the entire body, and above all the spine and large joints, from improper load distribution;
- to prevent and slow down the development of complications – arthrosis of the joints of the foot and large joints of the extremities, deformities of the fingers, and diseases of the spine.
The use of a new method of electromyographic biofeedback in the treatment of flat foot can reduce the time by 4 times and increase the effectiveness of treatment by 2-3 times in children of different age groups!